Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) has developed a novel capacitive deionization process called flow-through electrode capacitive deionization (FTE-CD), which can significantly reduce energy and desalination costs of brackish water by using electric fields that pull salt from water. Delta Diablo is partnering with LLNL, Stanford, and the County of Los Angeles to pilot test LLNL's FTE-CD device. The following links provide more information, and include a fact sheet on the proposed pilot test program, an article on LLNL's technology, a research paper, and a PowerPoint presentation.
- FTE-CD Brackish Desalination Pilot Fact Sheet (pdf)
- FTE-CD PowerPoint Presentation, Michael Stadermann (pps)
- "A Better Method for Desalinating Saltwater" LLNL Science & Technology Review, Jan/Feb 2013 (pdf)
- Suss, et al. (2012) Capacitive desalination with flow-through electrodes. Energy & Environmental Science (5), 9511-9519 (pdf)